ROSCI0084 site Ferice – Plai (hereinafter referred to as ROSCI0084)
It has 1,997 hectares and is located in the North West of Romania, in proportion of 100% on Bihor County, Buntesti Village, Ferice village is located in the Beiuş hills, at about 80 km south – east of Oradea City and at 20 km from Beiuş. Natura 2000 site “Ferice – Plai” is declared a protected area, in order to protect the landscape, ecological and cultural diversity.
Geographical Cordonatele site are:
– 1997 ha area
– The average altitude is 731m, from maximum 1206 m to minimum 389 m.
The site is located in Bihor Mountains, which belong to the Apuseni Mountains chain and its territory overlaps the territory of two protected areas:
– Ferice Plai and Hoanca – III IUCN category, natural monument;
– Cârligaţi Peak- Botanical Reservation with dacian endemic flower with oişe (Anemone narcissiflora).
The site was confirmed as SCI in December 2008 for beech forests habitat of Asperulo-Fagetum type (code 9130) well represented in mammal species Rinolophus ferrumequinum (code 1304), bare, with distribution area (C), well preserved (B) and for amphibians and reptiles species listed in Annex II to 92/43 / EEC Directive. The average altitude is 731m, 1206m maximum and 389 m minimum. The important species of flora and fauna are represented by a 7 number of species from the red list and endemic, constituting a botanical reservation with endemic flowers, Dacian with oişe – Anemone narcissiflora. (Annex – ROSCI0084 standard form).
ROSCI0084 is a territory which includes: land categories of private and state use, protected natural areas of community interest. The site is especially important due to the flora, including those referred to other species – which are red list species and endemic species of amphibians and reptiles. The site has not benefited of a global administration form, only some components (natural reserves, botanical reservation with endemic flower Dacian with oişe – Anemone narcissiflora.)
As it was noted above, the site is located on the Bihor Mountains territory) in the northwestern part of it (near their limit to Vlădeasa Mountains) (Annex – Site Map ROSCI0084). They are in the central – west of the Apuseni Mountains and is bordered to the northwest to Pădurea Craiului Mountains, in the North and Northeast to Vlădeasa Mountains, in the East with Muntele Mare Mountain, in South with Găina Mountains and at West with Codru -Moma Mountains and Beiuş Depression.
From geological point of view, the northern part of Bihor Mountains is composed from crystalline rocks. In Bihor Mountains relief waters dissected regular increases, strong, with steep slopes. During the Tertiary Era, Bihor-Vlădeasa Mountain was cut by erosion, and water created a large platform, that preserved fragments from the highest peaks. As a result, the main ridge of the mountain and a few large increases plates side shows, presents nearly horizontal or slightly wavy, easy to pass. So is, for example Cârligaţi Plateau, which overlaps to the Site having as maximum altitude Cârligaţi Top (1694m).
The Climate of Bihor – Vladeasa Mountain is typical mountain cold and wet on the high peaks, gradually fading toward the hem. The average temperature is 2ºC. Cloud increases with altitude and adequate rainfall are generally abundant due west prevailing wind witch comes loaded with water vapors and reach at 1400 mm quantities, specific for the mountains that exceed 2,000 meters altitude.
On Bihor – Vladeasa Mountain trail, distribution of water sources is uneven, depending on the geologic structure and relief. In neocarstic areas, on ridge trails, springs are rare (eg. Vlădeasa or Biharia Rigde), so water supplies should be made before reaching the high. However, there are sources of altitude like cold fountain under the tip of the hook.
Along the valley routes, water supplies are not a problem, because outside these rivers have numerous springs and tributary waters. On such routes are not shown possibilities of water supply.
Regarding habitat types from Ferice Plai Site according to N2000 standard Form is stated the 9130 code for beech forests of Asperulo-Fagetum type, with a good representation and good conservation status overall.
The general characteristics of the Ferice Plai Site are the two habitat classes and certain class of dry grassland habitat with the N09 code, steppes with a share of 3% and N16 habitat class of deciduous forests with a share of 97%. Other features of the site are those that belong to the two protected areas with overlapping to the Ferice Plai Site as namely as Ferice Plai and Hoanca protected area, with piedmont unaltered meadows, with traditional piedmontan abodes and Cârligaţi Peak, botanical reservation with endemic dacian flower and oişe – Anemone narcissiflora.
Ferice Plai site was declared a protected area which preserves favorable habitats for mammals, amphibians and reptiles listed in 92/43 / EEC Directive, Annex II.