ROSCI0200 site Plateau Vaşcău
It is located in Codru-Moma Mountains, at altitudes between 331 m and 892 m.
The lithologic soluble substrate, composed from limestone and dolomite, is a static factor, acted upon, while hydrography (water, on in its various forms of aggregation and organization) constitute the dynamic element that acts. The limestone from Vaşcău Plateau belongs to the medium and upper triassic. The eastern and central plateau area is developing on a massive chalk scale, highly crystalline, with dolomite intercalations, belonging to Pânza de Vaşcău. A special category of plateau karst events from Vaşcău Plateau are sinkholes with earth flat, that frequently harboring water reservoirs, which are called ,,tăuri”(Figure 1). They result from increased clogging with waste material from erosion slopes. Depending on the thickness and composition of deposits (clay minerals constituting itself into a typical waterproof layer), the formed ponds will lase a shorter or longer period of time.
Interfluves passage caves are well represented in Vaşcău Plateau, the most famous example being Câmpeneasca Cave. The potholes are located in the plane crash of major drainage systems endokarstic such as Avenul Boiu from Vaşcău Plateau.
The depression corridor of Ţarinii Valley (Vaşcău Plateau) was developed in central-eastern of the mentioned plateau along the valley with the same name. It has a southeast / northwest orientation, faithfully following the fault lines from the area. Between the suddenly elbow of Ţarina Valley, which radically changes its direction from east – west to south-north and the Câmpeneasca Cave slope, the corridor has about 10 km height and a 400-1000 m width. The altitude of depression hearth descends barely perceptible through north to step out of the field gear, where it has the lowest step (415 m).
Ţarinii Valley, with its springs enter in the limestone perimeter through a over ground course and not through springs or geysers. Câmpeneasca Cave slope can drain the entire flow, even at elevated level, so specific flooding rains do not occur.
At the limit of Vaşcău Plateau is the Călugări Burn, once famous for its dual flash. Probably due to the growing underground drainage the pathways of double intermittent was disturbed and today we are witnessing to a simple drain, with a water flow of about 3-5 minutes, separated by intervals of 15-40 minutes without leakage, depending on rainfall. The spring is surrounded by a picturesque monastery, pilgrimage place for believers in the area.
Habitat types present on the site:
8310 Caves where public access is prohibited
91V0 Dacian Beech forests (Symphyto-Fagion)
9150 Medio-European Beech Forests of Cephalanthero-Fagion
Mammalian species listed in Annex II to 92/43 / EEC Directive:
– Myotis myotis 1324
– 1304 Rhinolophus hipposideros
– 1310 Miniopterus schreibersi
Amphibian and reptile species listed in Annex II to Directive 92/43 / EEC
– 1166 Titurus cristatus- 1193 Bombina variegata
– 4008 Triturus vulgaris ampelensis
Other important species of flora and fauna:
– Rana ridibunda
– Felis silvestris
The site stand out by the area occupied by habitats 91V0 Dacian Beech forests (Symphyto-Fagion) 9150 Medio-European Forest Beech Cephalanthero-Fagion, occupying 30% and well preserved natural structure represented by:
– Greater diversity of ages and sizes,
– Alternation of forest and glade cohesive,
– The presence of beech natural regeneration (There is a tendency for expansion of the species tend surrounding areas – meadows)
– The diversity and good conservation status of herbaceous blanket.
For the portion included in the forest fund and forest stands, for site trees was assigned the function of production and protection, these being systematically covered with exploitation works of the timber.